Municipality of Bayham

Smart Cities Challenge - Smart Sidewalk Network

Bayham will leverage data and connected technology in a ‘Smart Sidewalk Network’ to create responsive infrastructure that will improve walkability, by providing reliable, accessible active transportation opportunities that ensures 100% of pedestrians have access to active transportation opportunities, thereby achieving a measurable increase in social inclusion and overall communal health.

The Municipality of Bayham Smart Sidewalk Network is a sidewalk system that utilizes open data obtained from self-contained passive infrared devices to collect ongoing real-time pedestrian movement metrics on appropriately sized and accessible sidewalks.  The Smart Sidewalk Network passive infrared devices provide pedestrian movement metrics that can be utilized to better activate the public realm and make shared spaces more inclusive.  The pedestrian movement metrics provide data that may utilized as follows:
    • Identify maintenance concerns to ensure the sidewalk network is responsive and the infrastructure is reliable and accessible;
    • Model and calibrate active transportation networks;
    • Determine effects of walkability improvements;
    • Identify and analyze contextual factors that are influencing walking habits/behaviours;
    • Showcase economic vitality factors to assist in business retention, attraction and expansion;
    • Project and track improvements in health outcomes;

 A Smart Sidewalk Network is a sustainable and responsive governance effort that represents a concrete expression of social inclusion.  Active transportation is the key factor in accessing the benefits of contemporary society. Especially in rural areas, mobility is essential for accessing services, visiting family and friends, and getting to work. For those who cannot afford or operate a vehicle, there is a loss of independence in mobility without active transportation opportunities.

Question 1:

Community (Municipality of Bayham)

Name of community Municipality of Bayham


Province or Territory Ontario


Population based on 7,396


Indigenous community No

Question 2:

$5 million (population under 30,000 residents)

Question 3:

Bayham will leverage data and connected technology in a ‘Smart Sidewalk Network’ to create responsive infrastructure that will improve walkability, by providing reliable, accessible active transportation opportunities that ensures 100% of pedestrians have access to active transportation opportunities, thereby achieving a measurable increase in social inclusion and overall communal health.

Question 4:

Through the leveraging of data and connected technology the Bayham ‘Smart Sidewalk Network’ will increase social inclusion and overall communal health in Bayham. This is accomplished through responsive connected infrastructure that provides accessible walkability, which promotes active transportation opportunities that ensures pedestrians have access to active transportation opportunities. As the cycle continues and becomes progressively more reliable a measurable increase in social inclusion and overall communal health will be achieved.

What is a Smart Sidewalk Network?

The Municipality of Bayham Smart Sidewalk Network is a sidewalk system that utilizes open data obtained from self-contained passive infrared devices to collect ongoing real-time pedestrian movement metrics on appropriately sized and accessible sidewalks. The Smart Sidewalk Network passive infrared devices provide pedestrian movement metrics that can be utilized to better activate the public realm and make shared spaces more inclusive to the community. Without applying a smart city approach to achieving the identified outcomes the Municipality does not have the human or financial resources to achieve the desired outcomes. The pedestrian movement metrics provide data that will be utilized as follows:

Immediately identify maintenance concerns to ensure the sidewalk network is responsive and the infrastructure is reliable and accessible;

  • Prioritize active transportation projects;
  • Model and calibrate active transportation networks and estimating annual volumes;
  • Conduct risk or exposure analyses;
  • Determine effects of walkability improvements related to rates of walking in the demonstration area;
  • Identify and analyze contextual factors that are influencing walking habits/behaviours;
  • Showcase economic vitality factors to assist in business retention, attraction and expansion;
  • Demonstrate success for similar projects in other communities;
  • Project and track improvements in health outcomes;
  • Create a predictive model to understand impact of future active transportation changes;
  • Demonstrate pedestrian safety statistics;

As evidenced in the 2014 Guidebook on Pedestrian and Bicycle Volume Data Collection and the 2016 Methods & Technologies for Pedestrian & Bicycle Volume Data Collection - Phase 2, active transportation data metrics, which is currently not being strategically collected in the municipal sector, will continue to grow in importance as communities integrate active transportation performance measures into their performance management programs and community planning.

 Further the Smart Sidewalk Network pedestrian data can be openly and transparently integrated with the Elgin Mapping Public Geographic Information System (GIS) database. The public and partner organizations may use this tool to assist in collaborating and confirming the feasibility of active transportation projects and the proposed schedule for implementation. A workflow will automate the upload of data that will significantly reduce the effort and cost to obtain relevant data for a number of active transportation initiatives.

Why a Smart Sidewalk Network?

The Municipality of Bayham, the Elgin St. Thomas Public Health and the community have worked closely to asses determinants of health in the Municipality of Bayham and Elgin County. To identify the Smart Sidewalk Network the Municipality assessed objective, evidenced based research that addressed recurring identified needs of the community through a variety of lenses, including but not limited to, the following studies:

  1. 2002 An Environmental Scan of Rural Poverty in Elgin County
  2. 2003 Social and Economic Inclusion Initiative
  3. 2009 St. Thomas and Elgin County Study on Homelessness
  4. 2010 Mapping Opportunities for Physical Activity and Healthy Eating in Elgin St. Thomas
  5. 2013 Elgin St. Thomas Active Transportation Initiative
  6. 2014 Cycling Master Plan
  7. 2014 Economic Opportunities & Initiatives Plan
  8. 2016 Walkability Assessment
  9. 2017 Age Friendly Community Plan
  10. 2017 System Mapping Report – Access to Affordable Recreation
  11. 2017 System Mapping Report – Access to Affordable Transportation
  12. 2018 Municipality of Bayham Municipal Energy Plan – Local Action Plan on Green House Gas

The recurring systemic theme was a barrier to social inclusion, created by negative determinants of health as a result of a lack of accessible active transportation opportunities and responsive infrastructure. Active Transportation includes, active recreation, active destination oriented trips, active commuting and active workplace travel. 

The identification of the recurring systemic theme was informed by over 3,131 individual engagement interactions ranging from surveys, focus groups, stakeholder interviews, steering committees, table top sessions, public information sessions and objective evidenced based research.

The desired outcome of the Smart Sidewalk Network is to break the recurring systemic theme through a positive process created by responsive connected infrastructure, which provides accessible walkability that promotes active transportation which creates social inclusion and overall increases in communal health.

An inclusive community provides opportunities for the optimal well-being and healthy development of all children, youth and adults. Universal access to meaningful opportunities in active transportation are practical expressions of social inclusion for those who are systemically excluded from mainstream supports and activities.

A Smart Sidewalk Network is a sustainable and responsive governance effort that represents a concrete expression of social inclusion. Fuller (1994) shows that active transportation is the key factor in accessing the benefits of contemporary society. Especially in rural areas, mobility is essential for accessing services, visiting family and friends, and getting to work. Not all groups within rural communities have equal access to means of transport: it follows that different groups may experience varying degrees of disadvantage in this respect. For those who cannot afford or operate a vehicle, there is a loss of independence in mobility without active transportation opportunities. While recognising that isolation embodies more than a physical distance, active transport may be the most important factor in determining the degree of isolation experienced by many rural residents.

A 2012 report from the City of Toronto Public Health Division concluded that the implementation of active transportation opportunities has very important health benefits to improve quality of place. Some of these key findings include:

  • Reduced risk of cardiovascular disease, coronary heart disease, stroke and hypertension;
  • Prevention of the occurrence of Type 2 diabetes;
  • Reduced overall risk of cancer, particularly colon cancer and breast cancer;
  • Reduced the overall risk of colon cancer by 24%;
  • Reduced rates of motor-vehicle collision.

Opportunities for recreation within neighbourhood environments are a key facilitator for active transportation. Numerous studies in the U.S., Australia and Canada have found that convenient access to publicly‐provided recreational opportunities such as parks, playgrounds, and other recreation and green space facilities is consistently associated with higher rates of physical activity, and decreased overweight persons, especially among children and adolescents (Maziak et al., 2007; Gordon‐Larsen et al., 2006; Sallis et al., 2000; Norman et al., 2006). For example, in a recent study in London, Ontario, it was discovered that children who had two or more public recreation facilities within walking distance of their home were more active for 16 minutes after school per day than those who had access to fewer public amenities (Tucker et al., 2009).

In the Municipality of Bayham the average distance to a green space area is 1,600 metres, this includes isolated rural farmland properties. Studies approximate that the construction of sidewalks on all streets could increase non-motorized travel 1,600 metres per capita and reduce automobile travel 1.84 vehicles per capita.

The Municipality of Bayham was established in 1998 through the amalgamation of three separate municipalities formerly known as the Township of Bayham, the Village of Port Burwell, and the Village of Vienna. It occupies 248 km² (61,282 acres) of land on the north shore of Lake Erie at the east end of Elgin County. The 2016 Census population was 7,396, an increase of 5.8% from the 2011 Census total of 6,989. Bayham comprises of three Villages – Port Burwell, Straffordville and Vienna - and five hamlets – Corinth, North Hall, Eden, Richmond, and Calton. The Municipality is home to a large agricultural community of fruit and vegetable producers and other businesses in manufacturing, tourism and business services. The local economy is based primarily on agricultural activities and there is a transition taking place to a more creative economy. There is employment in tourism, industry and various service sectors. In 2016 there were 3,360 persons in the labour force working in a variety of occupations.

Smart Sidewalk Network – Just the Facts

Responsive, Reliable, Accessible & Connected Infrastructure

1. Bayham currently has approximately 18,250 metres of existing sidewalks. The majority of the sidewalks, 93%, were installed from 1970-1975 and have deteriorated significantly, in many locations to prohibit travel and or maintenance. The Municipality of Bayham State of the Infrastructure Report indicates the majority of sidewalk, 93%, is in the poor to failed classification. The Municipality of Bayham Asset Management Plan further confirms condition of sidewalks and recommends replacement of the same.

a. The Smart Sidewalk Network will result in 100% of the sidewalk network being in the very good to good classification and through the responsive and connected nature of the same ensure the Smart Sidewalk Network remains in good to very good condition over the lifespan of the asset, 50 years. This will increase accessibility, walkability and reliability of the sidewalk network.

i. The Municipality will monitor the condition of the Smart Sidewalk Network through weekly statistics generated from the self-contained passive infrared devices. An automated workflow would identify changes in pedestrian flow metrics that deviates outside set parameters which will create a workflow directing Public Works staff to assess the subject area for sidewalk discontinuities or other issues. Annually, the Municipality will monitor the pedestrian flow metrics and condition of the infrastructure through the annual State of the Infrastructure Report, the Municipality of Bayham Asset Management Plan and the 10 Year Capital Budget.

2. The Municipality of Bayham Sidewalk Network, as a result of lack of human resources, currently has a level of service as outlined within Ontario Regulation 239/02 Minimum Maintenance Standards. This works as a shield for the Municipality from potential liability, however also creates non-reliable active transportation infrastructure for pedestrians. Further, the Municipality misses the opportunity to address minor issues before they become major issues.

a. The Smart Sidewalk Network will result in enhanced levels of service as a result of integrating connected technology from the Smart Sidewalk Network into the Bayham Laserfiche based digital workflow system. Summer season maintenance levels will increase 87% over current practices while winter season based maintenance levels will increase by 44% over current practices. This will increase accessibility, walkability and reliability of the sidewalk network. This will also ensure the right form of maintenance is conducted at the right time to ensure the Smart Sidewalk Network continually provides value for money.

i. The Municipality will monitor the condition of the Smart Sidewalk Network through weekly statistics generated from the self-contained passive infrared devices. An automated workflow will identify changes in pedestrian flow metrics that deviates outside set parameters which will create a workflow directing Public Works staff to assess the subject area for sidewalk discontinuities or other issues. Annually, the Municipality will monitor the pedestrian flow metrics and condition of the infrastructure through the annual State of the Infrastructure Report, the Municipality of Bayham Asset Management Plan and the 10 Year Capital Budget.

Active Transportation

1. Bayham currently has approximately 18,250 metres of existing sidewalks. Bayham has the opportunity to add an additional 3,000 metres of sidewalk to ensure all hamlet streets have direct access to active transportation opportunities. Bayham also has the opportunity to add 5,345 metres of accessible recreational trail to ensure rural residents have access to active transportation opportunities leading to built-up areas.

a. The Smart Sidewalk Network will result in efficient maintenance and allocation of finite resources. This will permit the aforementioned financial resources to be deployed towards the expansion of the Smart Sidewalk Network. This will increase accessibility, walkability and reliability of the sidewalk network. This will also ensure the right form of maintenance is conducted at the right time to ensure the Smart Sidewalk Network continually provides value for money.

i. The Municipality will monitor growth and expansion of the Smart Sidewalk Network annually through State of the Infrastructure Report, the Municipality of Bayham Asset Management Plan and the 10 Year Capital Budget.

Social Inclusion – Overall Communal Health

1. Rates of overweight and obesity among adults in Elgin County are higher than provincial and national averages and have been steadily increasing in recent years. In 2000/2001, more than half (55.9%) of adults in Elgin County were overweight or obese, compared to 46.1% in 1990 (Coleman 2004). In Elgin St. Thomas 47.5% of residents aged 25-64 have a high school diploma or less. Provincially 35% of residents have a high school diploma or less education. Bayham has 65% of the population with a high school diploma or less. The average income for Elgin St. Thomas is $69,000. The average income for the Municipality of Bayham is $35,386. In Elgin St. Thomas 49.8% of households have income under $60,000.  In Bayham 50.1% of households have income under $60,000.

a. Elgin St. Thomas Public Health monitors these statistics annually based on the Provincial Public Health – Physical Actively Snapshot.

b. The Smart Sidewalk Network initiative complements the Elgin St. Thomas Public Health - Healthy Communities Partnership which continues to provide leadership for a collective impact approach for Get Active Elgin; a goal to make Elgin St. Thomas the most active community in the province based on Provincial Public Health – Physical Actively Snapshot metrics.

i. Through the leveraging of data and connected technology in responsive infrastructure, reliable, accessible walkability, will be created which will promote active transportation opportunities that ensures pedestrians have access to active transportation opportunities. As the cycle continues and becomes increasingly reliable a measurable increase in social inclusion and overall communal health will be achieved. Specifically, overweight and obesity statistics will decline and the socio-economic statistics outlined above will increase

2. Active Transportation activities are energy-efficient, non-polluting modes of travel. Promoting active transportation as a clean and efficient alternative to the personal automobile is a practical way for communities to reduce traffic congestion and smog. Short distance motor vehicle trips are the least fuel efficient and generate the most pollution per kilometre. These trips have the greatest potential of being replaced by active transportation. It is estimated that each 1% shift from automobile to non-motorized travel typically reduces fuel consumption 2-4%. Active Transportation may provide large energy savings as it provides the opportunity to replace short motor vehicle trips that have high emission rates per kilometre traveled. This in turn may reduce water pollution and hydrologic disruptions related to factors such road de-icing, air pollution settlement, roadside herbicides, road construction along shorelines, and increased impervious surfaces.

a. This will be tracked annually and every five years through the Municipality of Bayham Municipal Energy Plan & Local Action Plan on GHG Reduction.

3. Active Transportation reduces expenditures related to automobiles and in some cases can reduce the need for residents to own a vehicle, where savings can total hundreds or thousands of dollars annually per capita. Active transportation provides benefits to the local economy during both construction and operation. The construction of these active transportation facilities results in direct benefits such as jobs, including the supply and installation of materials. Following construction, benefits emerge in the form of expenditures by active transportation facility users.

a. Elgin St. Thomas Public Health monitors these statistics annually based on the Provincial Public Health – Physical Actively Snapshot.

Question 5:

The Municipality of Bayham, the Elgin St. Thomas Public Health and the community have worked closely to asses determinants of health in the Municipality of Bayham and Elgin County. To identify the Smart Sidewalk Network the Municipality assessed objective, evidenced based research that addressed recurring identified needs of the community through a variety of lenses, including but not limited to, the following studies:

  1. 2002 An Environmental Scan of Rural Poverty in Elgin County
  2. 2003 Social and Economic Inclusion Initiative
  3. 2009 St. Thomas and Elgin County Study on Homelessness
  4. 2010 Mapping Opportunities for Physical Activity and Healthy Eating in Elgin St. Thomas
  5. 2013 Elgin St. Thomas Active Transportation Initiative
  6. 2014 Cycling Master Plan
  7. 2014 Economic Opportunities & Initiatives Plan
  8. 2016 Walkability Assessment
  9. 2017 Age Friendly Community Plan
  10. 2017 System Mapping Report – Access to Affordable Recreation
  11. 2017 System Mapping Report – Access to Affordable Transportation
  12. 2018 Municipality of Bayham Municipal Energy Plan – Local Action Plan on Green House Gas

The recurring systemic theme was a barrier to social inclusion, created by negative determinants of health as a result of a lack of accessible active transportation opportunities and responsive infrastructure. The identification of the recurring systemic theme was informed by over 3,131 individual engagement interactions ranging from surveys, focus groups, stakeholder interviews, steering committees, table top sessions, public information sessions and objective evidenced based research.

The desired outcome of the Smart Sidewalk Network is to break the recurring systemic theme through a positive process created by responsive connected infrastructure, which provides accessible walkability that promotes active transportation which creates social inclusion and overall increases in communal health.

An inclusive community provides opportunities for the optimal well-being and healthy development of all children, youth and adults. Universal access to meaningful opportunities in active transportation are practical expressions of social inclusion for those who are systemically excluded from mainstream supports and activities.

The passive and active engagement obtained through consultation, engagement and assessment of existing data will continue to be utilized by the Municipality of Bayham Smart Sidewalk Network Committee which will shape and guide the project forward. Elgin St. Thomas Public Health will play a major role in the Committee and assist in ensuring all relevant community groups, organizations and representatives and included in the same. The Municipality of Bayham Smart Sidewalk Network Committee will have the full support of Bayham Council and staff resources. As the recurring theme continued to be identified and refined through various consultations it became clear the Municipality would need to apply a smart city approach to overcome the human and financial resources required to deliver the systemic change to social inclusion and communal health. A sampling of engagement activities is as follows:

Social & Economic Inclusion Initiative

  • promoting the direct participation of people in planning and decision-making on issues that affect their health and well-being;
  • initiating and strengthening organizational partnerships and collaborative effort across sectors to address the broad determinants of health and to pursue positive health outcomes; and,

The objectives of the Table Talks is to create a network and to create a pool of resources. In so doing, the aims are to improve communications to create a more inclusive environment for seniors and youth and to share new lessons. This means focussing upon the resources, skills, and ideas – the ‘assets’ – of people who are around the table and of other people and organisations.

Study On Homelessness

The community consultation process is critical in addressing homelessness in St. Thomas and Elgin County. Specific activities carried out throughout this study include:

  • Steering Committee: A Steering Committee was formed at the onset of this study. The Committee is comprised of a diverse range of individuals from various organizations and sectors in St. Thomas and Elgin County.
  • Community Agency Survey: At the onset of the study, a Community Agency Survey was distributed to gather information on the inventory of services currently being offered in St. Thomas and Elgin County and to gain insight into the service gaps facing homeless persons and persons at-risk of homelessness.
  • Social Housing Provider Survey: This survey was distributed to all 15 social housing providers in St. Thomas and Elgin County.
  • Social Housing Applicant Survey: This survey was coordinated through the St. Thomas and Elgin County Housing Corporation. The purpose of the survey was to gather information on persons who may be currently at-risk of homelessness and what services are currently in place to help. A total of 196 surveys were distributed, a total of 55 were received and incorporated into the study.
  • Outreach Questionnaire: In addition to the above surveys a questionnaire was distributed to persons who may be at-risk of homelessness or who do not have a permanent safe place to live. The purpose of this questionnaire was to identify the needs of such persons and explore ideas for improving the current options available. A total of 66 surveys were completed at this event.
  • Community Consultation Session: During the completion of the Homelessness Profile and Needs Assessment, a consultation session was held with a broad range of community stakeholders.
  • Stakeholder Interviews: Interviews were held throughout the study as follow-up to the various consultation activities. Overall, a total of 13 telephone interviews were conducted.

Mapping Opportunities for Physical Activity & Healthy Eating in Elgin-St. Thomas

Rates of overweight and obesity among adults in Elgin County are higher than provincial and national averages and have been steadily increasing in recent years. In 2000/2001, more than half (55.9%) of adults in Elgin County were overweight or obese, compared to 46.1% in 1990 (Coleman 2004). It is therefore imperative that planners and policy‐makers in Elgin‐St Thomas take into consideration how the built environment influences opportunities for healthy eating and healthy physical activity associated with healthy bodyweights and related health outcomes.

It is well known that a physically active lifestyle is supportive of overall health. For older adults, physical activity can reduce the risk of heart disease, high blood pressure, and improve their musculoskeletal health and overall quality of life (Greenberg and Renne, 2005; Brandon et al., 2009). Physical activity can also improve independence and functional ability, which can also reduce hospitalization and mortality (Ackermann et al., 2008; Berke et al., 2007; Takano et al, 2002). Higher physical activity levels among children and youth have been correlated with academic achievement, healthy body weight promotion, positive self‐esteem and positive attitudes and behaviours (Canadian Paediatric Society 2002).

The most common form of physical activity for people of all ages is walking. Even moderate increases in walking have been linked to numerous health benefits among adults such as improved bodyweight and overall fitness, as well as protection from high blood pressure, diabetes, cancer, cardiovascular disease, osteoarthritis and hip fractures, stress and depression (Demers, 2006; Frank et al., 2003). For children and youth, the journey to school represents a significant opportunity to increase daily levels of physical activity. Nevertheless, the proportion of students who use active transportation modes such as walking or cycling to and from school has decreased dramatically in recent (McDonald, 2007). A growing body of research indicates that walking behaviours, whether for recreation or utilitarian purposes (e.g. shopping, commute to work), are influenced by certain physical characteristics of local environments.

Elgin-St. Thomas Active Transportation Initiative

Active Transportation (AT) friendly communities tend to be ‘better places to grow up in that they allow children a certain degree of autonomy essential to their development. Being able to go to daily destinations like school on foot or by bike allows young people to discover and experience their neighbourhood’ in a more active and health oriented manner.

Location #1: Rural Roots Festival – Sons of Scotland Park, Dutton-Dunwich – August 4, 2012

Location #2: Sweet Cornfest – Aylmer, ON (August 18, 2012)

Location #3: St. Thomas Farmer’s Market (August 25, 2012)

Elgin St. Thomas Age Friendly Community Plan

An Age-Friendly Community (AFC) is one where policies, services and facilities support and enable older people to live in a secure environment, enjoy good health and continue to participate fully in their communities.

Elgin St. Thomas Age Friendly Community Plan Engagement

  • A needs assessment questionnaire completed by 35 service providers from a broad cross-section of local organizations,
  • A community survey completed by 200 respondents,
  • Seven focus group sessions directly engaging 244 seniors,
  • Phone interviews with 13 key informants including political officials, senior service providers and other community leaders,
  • A half-day facilitated community stakeholder forum that was well attended by a dynamic mix of over 55 seniors and service providers, and

High levels of stakeholder engagement were achieved. The needs assessment and consultation process generated more than 600 interfaces with seniors, family members, service providers and community members accomplished through the various meetings, interviews, surveys, community forum and implementation planning session.

Question 6:

Through the leveraging of data and connected technology the Bayham Smart Sidewalk Network will increase social inclusion and overall communal health in Bayham. This is accomplished through responsive connected infrastructure that provides accessible walkability, which promotes active transportation opportunities that ensures pedestrians have access to active transportation opportunities. As the cycle continues and becomes progressively more reliable a measurable increase in social inclusion and overall communal health will be achieved.

The work plan to accomplish the increase in social inclusion and overall community health is precise and finite as follows:

1. Formally establish the Municipality of Bayham Smart Sidewalk Network Committee
a. Membership will include Municipality of Bayham staff, Elgin St. Thomas Public Health staff and relevant stakeholders
b. Terms of Reference will outline the responsibility of the Committee is to inform and guide the implementation of the Smart Sidewalk Network and outline the appropriate reporting relationship.
c. The Committee will reaffirm baseline data.
2. Produce a draft grid for the installation of a Smart Sidewalk Network in the Municipality of Bayham
a. Staff and the Municipal Engineer to design drawings for consultation
b. Staff and Municipal Engineer to design prospective service standards and workflows to integrate with the existing Municipality of Bayham Laserfiche System to automate the analysis and monitoring of pedestrian metrics and workflow orders
3. Provide the draft Smart Sidewalk plans to the Smart Sidewalk Network Committee for extensive consultation and assessment including:
a. Public Information Session
b. Technical Working Group Assessment
c. Healthy Communities Partnership – Public Health Assessment
4. Assess and integrate community feedback to refine the Smart Sidewalk Network.
5. Issue a Tender for the provision of 21,250 metres of sidewalk installation services and 5,345 metres of accessible recreational trail pursuant to the Smart Sidewalk Network Plan.
6. Issue a Request for Proposals for the provision and installation of 125 self-contained passive infrared devices to collect ongoing real-time pedestrian movement metrics. Devices must be able to be manually and automatically uploaded to a web based database that has an open API to integrate with Elgin Mapping GIS and the Municipality of Bayham Laserfiche system.
7. The Smart Sidewalk Committee, Municipal Staff and Municipal Engineer will assess tenders and proposals and make a joint recommendation to Council to award the contracts for the same. All procurement will be in accordance with By-law No. 2015-030, the Municipality of Bayham Procurement By-law.
8. Council will award the tenders and proposals and authorize the execution of agreements prior to the completion of work. Agreements shall stipulate all terms and conditions as recommended by the Municipal Legal Counsel. At a minimum the contracts will require all components of the Smart Sidewalk Network to be open, interoperable, scalable, and replicable and enable other uses of the technology, innovation, and data. For context the Municipality has identified multiple versions of the appropriate device from multiple vendors.
9. Installation of the Municipality of Bayham Smart Sidewalk Network will commence and be completed.
10. Troubleshooting and assessment of the Municipality of Bayham Smart Sidewalk Network will be conducted and completed.
11. The Municipality, Public Health and the Smart Sidewalk Network Committee will design and launch the pedestrian data metrics through Elgin Mapping and a live dashboard on the Municipal Website.
12. The Smart Sidewalk Network Committee will work with Elgin St. Thomas Public Health to continually monitor and track pedestrian data metrics and also benchmark data to show the desired outcomes as contemplated by the project.
13. Staff will amend the Municipality of Bayham Detailed Design Standards to require the installation of Smart Sidewalk Networks for any new proposed developments to ensure the Bayham Smart Sidewalk Network is scalable in the future for additional growth. This will ensure continued systemic change.
14. Council and staff will amend the Multi Year Operating Budget and Multi Year Capital Budget to reallocate resources for expected maintenance costs and ensure sustainable life-cycle costings on the Smart Sidewalk Network.

 

Results:

1. Bayham will have 21,250 metres of Smart Sidewalk Network with 100% of the sidewalk being in good to very good condition and through the responsive and connected nature of the same ensure the Smart Sidewalk Network remains in good to very good condition over the lifespan of the asset, 50 years. This will increase accessibility, walkability and reliability of the sidewalk network.

i. The Municipality will monitor the condition of the Smart Sidewalk Network through weekly statistics generated from the self-contained passive infrared devices. An automated workflow will identify changes in pedestrian flow metrics that deviates outside set parameters which will create a workflow directing Public Works staff to assess the subject area for sidewalk discontinuities or other issues. Annually, the Municipality will monitor the pedestrian flow metrics and condition of the infrastructure through the annual State of the Infrastructure Report, the Municipality of Bayham Asset Management Plan and the 10 Year Capital Budget.

2. The Smart Sidewalk Network will result in enhanced levels of service as a result of integrating connected technology from the Smart Sidewalk Network into the Bayham Laserfiche based digital workflow system. Summer season maintenance levels will increase 87% over current practices while winter season based maintenance levels will increase by 44% over current practices. This will increase accessibility, walkability and reliability of the sidewalk network. This will also ensure the right form of maintenance is conducted at the right time to ensure the Smart Sidewalk Network continually provides value for money.

i. The Municipality will monitor the condition of the Smart Sidewalk Network through weekly statistics generated from the self-contained passive infrared devices. An automated workflow will identify changes in pedestrian flow metrics that deviates outside set parameters which will create a workflow directing Public Works staff to assess the subject area for sidewalk discontinuities or other issues. Annually, the Municipality will monitor the pedestrian flow metrics and condition of the infrastructure through the annual State of the Infrastructure Report, the Municipality of Bayham Asset Management Plan and the 10 Year Capital Budget.

3. The Smart Sidewalk Network will result in efficient maintenance and allocation of finite resources. This will permit the aforementioned financial resources to be deployed towards the expansion of the Smart Sidewalk Network. This will increase accessibility, walkability and reliability of the sidewalk network. This will also ensure the right form of maintenance is conducted at the right time to ensure the Smart Sidewalk Network continually provides value for money.
i. The Municipality will monitor growth and expansion of the Smart Sidewalk Network annually through State of the Infrastructure Report, the Municipality of Bayham Asset Management Plan and the 10 Year Capital Budget.
4. Rates of overweight and obesity among adults in Elgin County are higher than provincial and national averages and have been steadily increasing in recent years. In 2000/2001, more than half (55.9%) of adults in Elgin County were overweight or obese, compared to 46.1% in 1990 (Coleman 2004). In Elgin St. Thomas 47.5% of residents aged 25-64 have a high school diploma or less. Provincially 35% of residents have a high school diploma or less education. Bayham has 65% of the population with a high school diploma or less. The average income for Elgin St. Thomas is $69,000. The average income for the Municipality of Bayham is $35,386. In Elgin St. Thomas 49.8% of households have income under $60,000. In Bayham 50.1% of households have income under $60,000.
a. Elgin St. Thomas Public Health monitors these statistics annually based on the Provincial Public Health – Physical Actively Snapshot.
b. The Smart Sidewalk Network initiative complements the Elgin St. Thomas Public Health - Healthy Communities Partnership which continues to provide leadership for a collective impact approach for Get Active Elgin; a goal to make Elgin St. Thomas the most active community in the province based on Provincial Public Health – Physical Actively Snapshot metrics.
i. Through the leveraging of data and connected technology in responsive infrastructure, reliable, accessible walkability, will be created which will promote active transportation opportunities that ensures pedestrians have access to active transportation opportunities. As the cycle continues and becomes increasingly reliable a measurable increase in social inclusion and overall communal health will be achieved. Specifically, overweight and obesity statistics will decline and the socio-economic statistics outlined above will increase
5. Active Transportation activities are energy-efficient, non-polluting modes of travel. Promoting active transportation as a clean and efficient alternative to the personal automobile is a practical way for communities to reduce traffic congestion and smog. Short distance motor vehicle trips are the least fuel efficient and generate the most pollution per kilometre. These trips have the greatest potential of being replaced by active transportation. It is estimated that each 1% shift from automobile to non-motorized travel typically reduces fuel consumption 2-4%. Active Transportation may provide large energy savings as it provides the opportunity to replace short motor vehicle trips that have high emission rates per kilometre traveled. This in turn may reduce water pollution and hydrologic disruptions related to factors such road de-icing, air pollution settlement, roadside herbicides, road construction along shorelines, and increased impervious surfaces.
a. This will be tracked annually and every five years through the Municipality of Bayham Municipal Energy Plan & Local Action Plan on GHG Reduction.
6. Active Transportation reduces expenditures related to automobiles and in some cases can reduce the need for residents to own a vehicle, where savings can total hundreds or thousands of dollars annually per capita. Active transportation provides benefits to the local economy during both construction and operation. The construction of these active transportation facilities results in direct benefits such as jobs, including the supply and installation of materials. Following construction, benefits emerge in the form of expenditures by active transportation facility users.
a. Elgin St. Thomas Public Health monitors these statistics annually based on the Provincial Public Health – Physical Actively Snapshot.

A Smart Sidewalk Network is a sustainable and responsive governance effort that represents a concrete expression of social inclusion. Fuller (1994) shows that active transportation is the key factor in accessing the benefits of contemporary society. Especially in rural areas, mobility is essential for accessing services, visiting family and friends, and getting to work. Not all groups within rural communities have equal access to means of transport: it follows that different groups may experience varying degrees of disadvantage in this respect. For those who cannot afford or operate a vehicle, there is a loss of independence in mobility without active transportation opportunities. While recognizing that isolation embodies more than a physical distance, active transport may be the most important factor in determining the degree of isolation experienced by many rural residents.

Question 7:

The Municipality of Bayham, the Elgin St. Thomas Public Health and the community have worked closely to asses determinants of health in the Municipality of Bayham and Elgin County. To identify the Smart Sidewalk Network the Municipality assessed objective, evidenced based research that addressed recurring identified needs of the community through a variety of lenses, including but not limited to, the following studies:

  1. 2002 An Environmental Scan of Rural Poverty in Elgin County
  2. 2003 Social and Economic Inclusion Initiative
  3. 2009 St. Thomas and Elgin County Study on Homelessness
  4. 2010 Mapping Opportunities for Physical Activity and Healthy Eating in Elgin St. Thomas
  5. 2013 Elgin St. Thomas Active Transportation Initiative
  6. 2014 Cycling Master Plan
  7. 2014 Economic Opportunities & Initiatives Plan
  8. 2016 Walkability Assessment
  9. 2017 Age Friendly Community Plan
  10. 2017 System Mapping Report – Access to Affordable Recreation
  11. 2017 System Mapping Report – Access to Affordable Transportation
  12. 2018 Municipality of Bayham Municipal Energy Plan – Local Action Plan on Green House Gas

The desired outcome of the Smart Sidewalk Network initiative is to break the recurring systemic theme through a positive process created by responsive connected infrastructure, which provides accessible walkability that promotes active transportation which creates social inclusion and overall increases in communal health. This is supported by the above noted documents and the Municipality of Bayham Official Plan. The document sets out general policies for future municipal land uses and is a guide for future redevelopment. The purpose of the Plan is to provide policy direction to Municipal Council and the public on matters relating to land use, development and redevelopment. With regard to active transportation, the Official Plan intends to:

  • Provide policy framework for the development and expansion of other economic sectors such as tourism, the harbour front, transportation and petroleum exploration;
  • Provide community improvement goals, objectives and implementation policies which will contribute to the stabilization, preservation and improvement of existing and viable residential, commercial, industrial, harbour front and recreational areas;
  • Promote and secure the health, safety, convenience, welfare and quality of life of residents and visitors;
  • Provide a base for programming the expansion and upgrading of municipal services utilizing technology that recognizes the Municipality’s financial capabilities and prevents development which would require disproportionately costly public services because of the location or type of use.

Section 5.2.12 specifically addresses active transportation. The section outlines key policies pertaining to active transportation, more specifically, the provision of pedestrian and cycling facilities and infrastructure. The following are some of the policies included in the Official Plan.

  • 5.2.12.1 It is the policy of this Plan to support and encourage the development of sidewalks for pedestrian movement within its settlement areas.
  • 5.2.12.2 It is the policy of this Plan to support and encourage the development of trails in both public and private lands for both pedestrian and other non-motorized forms of transportation which are aimed at promoting public health though outdoor activities.

This is also supported by the Municipality of Bayham Digital Knowledge Management Strategy.

Question 8:

As evidenced with the award of the 2017 E.A. Danby Award the Municipality of Bayham is a leader in small rural municipal innovation. The Bayham strategic digital knowledge management database with advanced automation and workflow capabilities that codifies and utilizes explicit, and, more importantly, tacit corporate knowledge, as a critical asset to sustainably modernize and innovate administration and service delivery is an example of a Smart Communities approach already implemented in Bayham and delivering significant, impactful results for the community and the corporation. The Municipality has also led other municipalities in implementing initiatives based off of the Bayham Strategic Digital Knowledge Management Database.

The goal of strategic digital knowledge management is to drive service improvement, enhancement of municipal administration and evolution from a culture of complacency, uninformed repetition and resistance to change. It did so by incorporating digital automations and workflows to achieve necessary ends, thereby becoming a leader in municipal innovation, specifically knowledge management by overcoming a lack of financial and human resources through technology.

With a core team of municipal staff support with technical expertise through ThinkDox and select consultants the Municipality is prepared to implement evidenced based solutions to overcome systemic challenges. This is further evidenced by the significant amount of research and engagement conducted over a number of years by the Municipality of Bayham, the Elgin St. Thomas Public Health and the community to assess determinants of health in the Municipality of Bayham and Elgin County.

The Bayham Smart Sidewalk Network has been researched, identified and planned with objective, evidenced based research and communal input that addresses recurring identified needs of the community through a variety of lenses.

The concise and finite work plan identified to implement the Bayham Smart Sidewalk Network is a result of the diligent efforts of the Municipality of Bayham, the Elgin St. Thomas Public Health and the community. This work plan outlines a complete state of readiness to finalize, implement and execute the work plan requirements. Through a vast network of municipal innovators the Municipality also has the appropriate resources to address any issues or concerns which cannot be addressed internally throughout the work plan.

Lastly, the formally established Municipality of Bayham Smart Sidewalk Network Committee, with a direct reporting relationship to Council and membership including the CAO|Clerk, the Elgin St. Thomas Public Health staff and relevant stakeholders will oversee and manage the project pursuant to defined terms of reference.

Question 9:

Through the leveraging of data and connected technology the Bayham Smart Sidewalk Network Prototype will increase social inclusion and overall communal health in Bayham. This is accomplished through responsive connected infrastructure that provides accessible walkability, which promotes active transportation opportunities that ensures pedestrians have access to active transportation opportunities. As the cycle continues and becomes progressively more reliable a measurable increase in social inclusion and overall communal health will be achieved.

The prototype work plan to accomplish the increase in social inclusion and overall community health is precise and finite as follows:

1.Formally establish the Municipality of Bayham Smart Sidewalk Network Committee
2. Produce a prototype draft grid for the installation of a 1,200 metres of Smart Sidewalk Network spread across four hamlets in the Municipality of Bayham

a. Staff and Municipal Engineer to design prospective service standards and workflows to integrate with the existing Municipality of Bayham Laserfiche System to automate the analysis and monitoring of pedestrian metrics and workflow orders

3. Provide the prototype draft Smart Sidewalk plans to the Smart Sidewalk Network Committee for consultation and assessment.

4. Issue a Tender for the provision of 1,200 metres of sidewalk installation services pursuant to the Smart Sidewalk Network Plan – ($200,000, cost is based on average cost of cubic metre of sidewalk installation)
5. Procure 5 self-contained passive infrared devices to collect ongoing real-time pedestrian movement metrics. Devices must be able to be manually and automatically uploaded to a web based database that has an open API to integrate with Elgin Mapping GIS and the Municipality of Bayham Laserfiche system – ($40,000 estimated cost of self-contained passive infrared devices [$4,000/device] and designing and implementing workflow automations and public portal)
6. Installation of the Municipality of Bayham Prototype Smart Sidewalk Network will commence and be completed.
7. Troubleshooting and assessment of the Municipality of Bayham Smart Sidewalk Network will be conducted and completed.
8. The Municipality, Health Unit and the Smart Sidewalk Network Committee will design and launch the pedestrian data metrics through Elgin Mapping and a live dashboard on the Municipal Website.
9. The Smart Sidewalk Network Committee will work with Elgin St. Thomas Public Health to continually monitor and track pedestrian data metrics and also benchmark data to show the desired outcomes as contemplated by the project. – ($10,000 Contingency)

Question 10:

The Municipality of Bayham Smart Sidewalk Network will be led by the Smart Sidewalk Network Committee. Membership will include Municipality of Bayham staff, Elgin St. Thomas Public Health staff and relevant stakeholders. Specific roles will be as follows:

Municipal Staff – consisting of municipal professionals with expertise in governance, technology, project management and project implementation staff will provide the boots on the ground expertise to implement the Smart Sidewalk Network.
Elgin St. Thomas Public Health – consisting of public health officials and healthy community advocates the Public Health provides objective expertise on determinants of health that informs the design and scope of the Smart Sidewalk Network.
Stakeholders – persons, groups and organizations that represent the interests of the community who are dedicated to shaping a better future with complete social inclusion by overcoming negative determinants of health. These persons and groups will also assist with announcing and communicating the success and impacts of the Smart Sidewalk Network.

Overall, the Committee will be composed of persons that have made significant contributions to date regarding active transportation and communal health. Further the Committee is eager to make impactful systemic change in Bayham to act as a leader for small and rural municipalities.